AskDefine | Define widower

The Collaborative Dictionary

Widower \Wid"ow*er\, n. A man who has lost his wife by death, and has not married again. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Word Net

widower n : a man whose wife is dead especially one who has not remarried [syn: widowman]

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A man whose wife has died (and who has not re-married)

Translations

  • Breton: intañv
  • Dutch: weduwnaar
  • Esperanto: vidvo
  • French: veuf
  • German: Witwer
  • Livonian: lešt, atrāita
  • Polish: wdowiec
  • Russian: вдовец

Related terms

A widow is a woman whose spouse has died. A man whose spouse has died is a widower. The state of having lost one's spouse to death is termed widowhood or (occasionally) viduity. The gender neutral term is widowed. The social status of widows has been an important social issue, particularly in the past. In families in which the husband was the sole provider, widowhood could plunge the family into poverty, and many charities had as a goal the aid of widows and orphans (often, not children without parents, but children without a contributing father). This was aggravated by women's longer life spans, and that men generally marry women younger than themselves, and by the greater ease with which men remarried.
However, in some patriarchal societies, widows were among the most independent women. A widow sometimes carried on her late husband's business and consequently accorded certain rights, such as the right to enter guilds. More recently, widows of elected officials have been among the first women elected to office in many countries (e.g. Corazon Aquino).
There were implications for sexual freedom as well; although some wills contained dum casta provisions (requiring widows to remain unmarried in order to receive inheritance), in societies preventing divorce, widowhood permitted women to remarry and have a greater range of sexual experiences. The Wife of Bath in Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales refers to having been widowed five times, permitting her greater sexual experience. In some other cultures, widows are treated differently. For instance, in India there is often an elaborate ceremony during the funeral of a widow's husband, including smashing the bangles, removing the bindi as well as any colorful attire, and requiring the woman to wear white clothes, the colour of mourning. Earlier it was compulsory to wear all white after the husband was dead, and even Widow burning (sati or suttee) was practiced sometimes. However in modern day culture this has gradually given way to wearing colored clothing. Sati practice has been banned in India for more than a century. The ban began under British rule of India owing to the persistence of social reformer RajaRam Mohan Roy.
In other cultures, widows are required to remarry within the family of their late husband; see widow inheritance. This started as a custom to ensure that no widow could be kicked out of her home and face a life without financial provision, but it can also be used to keep money within the family. In addition, it is an important factor in the transmission of HIV within certain communities, e.g. the Luo, and is being challenged on human rights grounds.

Cultural references to widows

widower in Arabic: أرملة
widower in Aymara: Chupa
widower in Breton: Intañv
widower in Danish: Enke (kvinde)
widower in German: Witwer
widower in Spanish: Viudez
widower in Esperanto: Vidvo
widower in Persian: بیوه
widower in Italian: Vedovanza
widower in Hebrew: אלמנות
widower in Dutch: Weduwschap
widower in Japanese: 寡婦
widower in Norwegian: Enke (person)
widower in Norwegian Nynorsk: Enkje
widower in Polish: Wdowieństwo
widower in Russian: Вдова
widower in Simple English: Widow
widower in Finnish: Leski
widower in Chinese: 寡妇
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